


Forthcoming Seminars at F1
Seminars Archive
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 14 May 2019 11:15  Peter Prelovšek (JSI)  Spin liquid in Heisenberg models on triangular and kagome lattices 

In the seminar I will present the reducedbasis approach, which allows an unified discussion and analysis of the extended Heisenberg models on triangular and kagome lattices. The numerical calculation of thermodynamical quantities indeed reveals very similar behaviour of susceptibility and entropy in both lattices in the spinliquid parameter range. The central quantity characterizing the spin liquids appears to be the temperaturedependent Wilson ratio which apparently vanishes at low temperatures, being a sensitive test of the comparison with experiments.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
17 Apr 2019 14:00  Laura Fanfarillo (SISSA, Italy)  Electronic correlation in Ironbased superconductors: nematicity and superconductivity 

Understanding the nature and strength of correlations in iron based superconductors (IBS) is key to unveil the nature of the instabilities that appear in their phase diagram. The metallic nature of the spindensitywave
characterizing the parent compound has been initially interpreted as an indication of a weak (or intermediate) regime of correlations. However, there is an increasing experimental evidence of the orbitaldependent character of
electronic correlations in IBS, with the simultaneous presence of strong and weakcorrelated electrons. In this talk I will summarize this phenomenology discussing the paramagnetic phase of IBS in terms of Hund metal. I will
then talk about the interplay between local correlations and ordered phases. Concerning the nematic instability, I will show that the local electronic interactions alone cannot drive any nematic transition, however they play a
crucial role by severely constraining the precise nature of the feasible orbitalordered state and inducing a differentiation in the effective masses of the zxyz orbitals. I will also discuss the relationship between
correlations and superconductivity. In particular, I will show that the loss of coherence of the spectral weight at the Fermi level does not imply the suppression of the superconductivity, indeed the same electronic
correlations inducing the bad metallic behavior support superconductivity as long as (incoherent) lowenergy excitations, on energy scale of the order of the Hund coupling, contribute to the pairing.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
17 Apr 2019 13:15  Adriano Amaricci (SISSA, Italy)  Strong correlation effects in topological quantum phase transitions 

Topological Quantum Phase Transitions (TQPTs) are characterized by changes in global topological invariants, beyond the conventional paradigm of local order parameters. The recent progress in identifying topological states in strongly correlated compounds and heterostructures pushed attention to the effects of the electronic interaction in topological insulators (TIs).
We discuss the effects of interaction in changing the conventional portrait of TQPT: we uncover the emergence of a firstorder character in the topological transition occurring at strong enough interaction. Our study reveals the existence of a quantum critical endpoint, associated with an orbital instability, on the transition line between a TI and a trivial insulator. We show that the conventional paradigm of continuous TQPT breaks down: The change of the topological invariants takes place without energy gap closing but preserving the symmetries protecting the topological phase. We stress the analogy of the transition line with the case of the liquidgas transition.
Next, we address the fate of the helical edge states in interacting TIs. We show that TimeReversal Symmetry (TRS), protecting the topological state, opposes to the strong interaction effects via an edge states reconstruction mechanism: The progressive penetration of the edge states into the bulk upon approaching a Mott transition.
Indeed we point out that a similar process survives also in presence of antiferromagnetic ordering. We show that, in the absence of TRS in the magnetic state, a residual U(1) rotational symmetry is enough to stabilize an inhomogeneous spin Chern insulator in the system.
Finally, we tackle the effects of interaction in a Weyl semimetal (WSM). We consider a WSM generated in a 3dimensional TI with broken TRS. In the absence of a protecting TRS the spin degeneracy of the gapless Dirac point at the TQPT is resolved resulting in two gapless Weyl nodes separated in momentum space: WSM. As for the TIs, the topological transition requires the two Weyl nodes to annihilate continuously. Yet, we show that in the presence of interaction this paradigm breaks down, giving rise to a nonlocal annihilation of the Weyl cones.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
9 Apr 2019 11:15  Anna GorczycaGoraj (University of Silesia, Poland)  Zeroenergy Majorana modes in condensed matter physics 

Quasiparticles induced at the edges of spinless (pwave) superconducting sample in one or two dimensions have the exotic character of zeroenergy bound states. These emergent Majoranatype objects have been predicted in various systems, such as topological insulators, semiconducting nanowires, ferromagnetic chains coupled to swave superconducting reservoirs. The most convincing experimental evidence for the zeroenergy Majorana modes has been provided so far by the tunneling measurement using the nanoscopic chains proximity coupled to the swave superconducting reservoir.
In my talk I will discuss the properties of the inhomogeneous Rashba chain coupled to a superconducting substrate, hosting the Majorana quasiparticles near its edges. Despite common belief that the Majorana quasiparticles are robust to environmental influence, our results indicate that this is not truly the case and reveal that sufficiently strong disorder would be detrimental for the Majorana quasiparticles, causing a transition from the topologically nontrivial to trivial superconducting phases. On the other hand, single quantum impurities have also very unusual interplay with the Majorana quasiparticle states. Under specific conditions they can effectively induce additional pairs of the Majorana states.
Yet, the Rashba chain model has its limitations important for experimental realization. That is why we propose another model of experimental relevance, namely a chain of the localized magnetic impurities whose moments are coupled to the spins of itinerant electrons, deposited on a surface of swave bulk superconductor. With use of Monte Carlo simulations we have checked thermal stability of Majorana modes and estimated critical temperature. This evaluation should also be taken into account when considering future applications of the Majorana quasiparticles for quantum computing.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
5 Apr 2019 11:15  Charles Creffield (Universidad Compultense de Madrid, Spain)  Relativistic motion of an Airy wavepacket in a lattice: Quantum mechanics at high speed 

What happens when particles move at high speeds, comparable to the speed of light? Classically the result is wellknown; Newtonian mechanics evolves into special relativity. We can also ask the same question for a quantum mechanical system  will a quantum wavepacket pass into the relativistic regime as its speed increases?
The Airy wavepacket is a particular solution of the Schroedinger equation that appears to undergo a constant acceleration. It should thus eventually become relativistic when its velocity becomes similar to the speed of light. We can study this conveniently by confining it to move in a lattice instead of free space. The lattice provides a natural speed limit given by its maximum group velocity, which can be many orders of magnitude lower than the true speed of light. In this talk I will show that an Airy wavepacket moving in a lattice is indeed described by relativistic equations, which, rather unexpectedly, arise from evolution under the standard nonrelativistic Schroedinger equation [1].
A natural system to study this effect is in gases of cold atoms held in optical lattice potentials. I will show how these are thus excellent candidates for studying quantum systems in extreme relativistic conditions in the laboratory, and how Floquet engineering techniques can be used to control their properties.
[1] C.E. Creffield, Phys. Rev. A 98, 063609 (2018)
F1 tea room (C building, 2nd floor) 
2 Apr 2019 11:15  Federico Becca (University of Trieste)  Dynamical structure factor of frustrated spin models: a variational Monte Carlo approach 

The spin dynamical structure factor is computed within a variational framework to study frustrated Heisenberg models in one and two dimensions. Starting from Gutzwillerprojected fermionic wave functions, the lowenergy spectrum is constructed by considering twospinon excitations. Benchmarks on the onedimensional J_1  J_2 model are considered. Here, an excellent description of both the gapless and gapped (dimerized) phases is obtained, also describing the incommensurate structure for large frustrating ratios J_2/J_1>0.5 [1]. In the square [2] and triangular [3] lattices, we unveil the dynamical signatures of the
transition between the the magnetically ordered phase and the (gapless) spin liquid. In particular, for the triangular lattice, we detect a progressive softening of the magnon branch at the M points, which eventually becomes gapless within the spinliquid phase. This feature is captured by the band structure of the unprojected wave function (with 2 Dirac points for each spin component). In addition, we observe an intense signal at low energies around the K points, which cannot be understood within the unprojected picture and emerges only when the Gutzwiller projection is considered, suggesting the relevance of gauge fields for the lowenergy physics of spin liquids [3].
[1] F. Ferrari, A. Parola, S. Sorella, and F. Becca, Phys. Rev. B 97, 235103 (2018)
[2] F. Ferrari and F. Becca, Phys. Rev. B 98, 100405 (2018)
[3] F. Ferrari and F. Becca, arXiv:1903.05691
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
26 Mar 2019 10:15  Jürgen Schnack  Magnetism of free and deposited magnetic molecules 

Magnetic molecules possess many interesting properties. In this presentation I focus on some frustration effects such as an enhanced magnetocaloric effect as well as on the modification of magnetic properties in contact with nonmagnetic metallic substrates. I am also going to explain very recent developments to calculate magnetic observables for large spin systems.
Geometric spin frustration in lowdimensional magnetic materials such as the two dimensional antiferromagnetic kagome lattice can lead to unusual behavior. Some of these features are present in magnetic molecules and lead to a deeper understanding of extended systems. Among such findings are localized independent magnons, which are responsible for flat bands, giant magnetization jumps and an increased magnetocaloric effect. The latter can also be observed in molecules with the structure of a sawtooth chain. In addition, we could report about the experimental realization of adiabatic demagnetization experiments using heptametallic gadolinium molecules. In the cooling experiment 200 mK could be reached and a rich structure of the isentropes could be observed. When put on a nonmagnetic metallic surface, magnetic molecules may change their properties due to the coupling to the conduction electrons. Following an experimental realization of stacked molecules, which form short spin chains, we can show how strong such an interaction needs to be in order to screen the terminal spin completely.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
5 Mar 2019 11:15  Marko Žnidarič (FMF, UL)  Localized and ballistic eigenstates in chaotic spin ladders and the FermiHubbard model 

I will introduce a ladder model with or without disorder that is in general chaotic, but that includes the integrable Hubbard chain as a special case. One can analytically show the existence of atypical eigenstates of such a model that are populated by noninteracting excitations. Depending on parameters they can e.g. exhibit Anderson localization, or, surprisingly, ballistic transport at any disorder strength. These properties differ strikingly from those of typical eigenstates nearby in energy, which give rise to diffusion. Results have implications for possible localization in the presence of nonAbelian symmetries, as well as for phases of matter that are intermediate between full ergodicity and integrability.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 
26 Feb 2019 11:15  Mikhail Kiselev  LandauZener Interferometry in Multilevel Systems 

We propose universal approach to LandauZener (LZ) problem in a
multilevel system. The problem is formulated in terms of generators of
SU(N) algebra and maps the Hamiltonian onto the effective anisotropic
pseudospin (N1)/2 model. The vector Bloch equation for the density matrix
describing the temporal evolution of the multilevel crossing problem is
derived and solved analytically for two generic cases: i) threelevel
crossing problem representing a minimal model for a LZ interferometer and
ii) fourlevel crossing problem corresponding to a minimal model of
coupled interferometers. It is shown that the analytic solution of the
Bloch equation is in excellent quantitative agreement with the numerical
solution of the Schroedinger equation for the 3 and 4level crossing
problems. The solution demonstrates oscillation patterns which radically
differ from the standard patterns for the twolevel LandauZener problem:

5 Feb 2019 11:15  Tomaž Rejec  Timedependent thermoelectric transport in nanosystems: reflectionless Luttinger field approach 

Recently the Luttinger field approach was proposed as a way to simulate switching on a
temperature gradient across a nanoscale device initially in thermal equilibrium. The time
dependent particle and heat currents can then be calculated by propagating the initial equilibrium state of the system in time. Unfortunately applying a uniform Luttinger field in the
whole of a lead causes a discrepancy between steady state currents in the long time limit and
those predicted by the LandauerBüttiker formulas as well as artefacts at short times. Here
we propose a modified approach where the Luttinger field gradually reaches its final value
across a transition region. If the length of the transition region is sufficient, the electrons
move through without reflecting. In this way the correct energy distribution of electrons
originating from such a lead, corresponding to the new temperature, is established in the
scattering region. Our approach is tested on a single quantum dot and a parallel double
quantum dot system.
Seminar room for physics (JSI main building) 




9 May, 2019 Seminar: May 14: Spin liquid in ... Peter Prelovšek (JSI)...  20 Apr, 2019 Publication: Tadic B., Mijatovic S.,... Nature:Scientific Reports  17 Apr, 2019 Position: Ph.D. (Young Resear... Contact Jernej F. Kamen...  16 Apr, 2019 Seminar: Apr 17: Electronic corr... Laura Fanfarillo (SISSA...  16 Apr, 2019 Seminar: Apr 17: Strong correlat... Adriano Amaricci (SISSA...  5 Apr, 2019 Seminar: Apr 9: Zeroenergy Maj... Anna GorczycaGoraj (Un...  2 Apr, 2019 Seminar: Apr 5: Relativistic mo... Charles Creffield (Univ...  29 Mar, 2019 Seminar: Apr 2: Dynamical struc... Federico Becca (Univers... 

External News



